They are the most formal kimono for married women. Very tall or heavy people, such as sumo wrestlers, must have kimonos custom-made by either joining multiple bolts, weaving custom-width fabric, or using non-standard size fabric. A woman's kimono has additional length to allow for the ohashori , the tuck that can be seen under the obi, which is used to adjust the kimono to the wearer. In contrast to women's kimono, men's kimono outfits are far simpler, typically consisting of five pieces, not including footwear. Fabrics are usually matte.
Und aus diesen Teilen setzt sich der traditionelle Kimono zusammen: Kimonos können von Männern und Frauen getragen und je nach Anlass kann eine andere Art von Kimono gewählt werden.
Die Kimonos unterscheiden sich dabei meistens hinsichtlich Farbe und Muster. Mit aktueller Mode hat das traditionelle Kleidungsstück eher wenig zu tun, denn die Seidengewänder sind zeitlos und können bei allen Gelegenheiten getragen werden. Allerdings gibt es auch Modelle, die nur zu bestimmten Anlässen passen. Insgesamt zehn verschiedene Arten gibt es: Neben diesen fünf Arten gibt es noch weitere fünf Varianten , die für den Alltag, für besondere Anlässe oder für inoffizielle Feierlichkeiten gedacht sind.
Auch für die traditionelle Tee-Zeremonie gibt es einen speziellen Kimono, Iromuji , der keinerlei Muster aufweist. Yukata dagegen, der Kimono für den Alltag, hat eine dezente Musterung und wird aus leichter Baumwolle gefertigt. So kann er bei allen Gelegenheiten getragen werden. Je nach Art der Bekleidung gibt es auch andere Accessoires, die dazu gehören und unverzichtbar sind.
Die Sandalen haben einen Zehensteg und werden auch von Männern angezogen. Aufbewahrung, Wäsche und Pflege sollte bei einem Kimono ernst genommen werden, denn ansonsten kann es über die Zeit hinweg zu Schäden am Material kommen. Wichtig ist es, dass der Kimono immer liegend gelagert wird. Kleiderbügel oder ähnliche Hilfsmittel zum Aufhängen der Kleidung ist in keinem Fall empfehlenswert, denn ansonsten könnte es passieren, dass die Falten sich aus dem Kleidungsstück heraushängen.
Um die Farbintensität und die Beschaffenheit des Stoffes zu erhalten, sollte der Kimono bei der Lagerung im Kleiderschrank in Papier eingewickelt werden. Im Bereich der Reinigung gibt es unterschiedliche Varianten, die eng mit der Beschaffenheit des Stoffes zusammenhängen.
Gibt es viele Verzierungen, Stickereien oder Gold-Applikationen, so kann das Kleidungsstück generell nicht gewaschen werden. Handelt es sich dagegen um einen einfachen Kimono, so kann der Stoff mit lauwarmen Wasser per Hand ausgewaschen werden. Auf eine chemische Reinigung sollte generell verzichtet werden, denn die Farben können leicht ausgewaschen werden.
Over time there have been many variations in color, fabric and style, as well as accessories such as the obi. The kimono and obi are traditionally made of hemp, linen, silk, silk brocade, silk crepes such as chirimen and satin weaves such as rinzu. Modern kimonos are widely available in less-expensive easy-care fabrics such as rayon, cotton sateen, cotton, polyester and other synthetic fibers.
Silk is still considered the ideal fabric. Customarily, woven patterns and dyed repeat patterns are considered informal. Formal kimonos have free-style designs dyed over the whole surface or along the hem. The pattern of the kimono can determine in which season it should be worn. For example, a pattern with butterflies or cherry blossoms would be worn in spring. Watery designs are common during the summer. A popular autumn motif is the russet leaf of the Japanese maple ; for winter, designs may include bamboo , pine trees and plum blossoms.
A popular form of textile art in Japan is shibori intricate tie dye , found on some of the more expensive kimonos and haori kimono jackets. Patterns are created by minutely binding the fabric and masking off areas, then dying it, usually by hand. When the bindings are removed, an undyed pattern is revealed. Shibori work can be further enhanced with yuzen hand applied drawing or painting with textile dyes or with embroidery; it is then known as tsujigahana. Shibori textiles are very time-consuming to produce and require great skill, so the textiles and garments created from them are very expensive and highly prized.
Old kimonos are often recycled in: Damaged kimonos can be disassembled and resewn to hide the soiled areas, and those with damage below the waistline can be worn under a hakama. Historically, skilled craftsmen laboriously picked the silk thread from old kimono and rewove it into a new textile in the width of a heko obi for men's kimono, using a recycling weaving method called saki-ori. A single obi may cost several thousand dollars. However, most kimonos owned by kimono hobbyists or by practitioners of traditional arts are far less expensive.
Enterprising people make their own kimono and undergarments by following a standard pattern, or by recycling older kimonos. Cheaper and machine-made fabrics can substitute for the traditional hand-dyed silk. Women's obi, however, mostly remain an expensive item. Men's obi, even those made from silk, tend to be much less expensive, because they are narrower, shorter and less decorative than those worn by women.
Kimonos range from extremely formal to casual. The level of formality of women's kimono is determined mostly by the pattern of the fabric, and color. Young women's kimonos have longer sleeves, signifying that they are not married, and tend to be more elaborate than similarly formal older women's kimono.
Formality is also determined by the type and color of accessories, the fabric, and the number or absence of kamon family crests , with five crests signifying extreme formality. Kimonos made of fabrics such as cotton and polyester generally reflect a more casual style.
The typical woman's kimono outfit consists of twelve or more separate pieces that are worn, matched, and secured in prescribed ways, and the assistance of licensed professional kimono dressers may be required.
Called upon mostly for special occasions, kimono dressers both work out of hair salons and make house calls. Choosing an appropriate type of kimono requires knowledge of the garment's symbolism and subtle social messages, reflecting the woman's age, marital status, and the level of formality of the occasion.
Furisode are the most formal kimono for unmarried women, with colorful patterns that cover the entire garment. They are usually worn at coming-of-age ceremonies seijin shiki and by unmarried female relatives of the bride at weddings and wedding receptions.
They may also be worn to formal parties. They are mainly worn to tea ceremonies. The dyed silk may be figured rinzu , similar to jacquard , but has no differently colored patterns. It comes from the word "muji" which means plain or solid and "iro" which means color. The term refers to kimono with a small, repeated pattern throughout the garment.
This style is more casual and may be worn around town, or dressed up with a formal obi for a restaurant. Both married and unmarried women may wear komon.
The Edo komon dyeing technique originated with the samurai class during the Edo period. Mofuku is formal mourning dress for men or women. Both men and women wear kimono of plain black silk with five kamon over white undergarments and white tabi. For women, the obi and all accessories are also black.
Men wear a subdued obi and black and white or black and gray striped hakama with black or white zori. The completely black mourning ensemble is usually reserved for family and others who are close to the deceased.
The feature of it is the short sleeve, the traditional main color of body is black, the lap of kimono has some simple pattern and elegant color.
Irotomesode with five family crests are the same as formal as kurotomesode , and are worn by married and unmarried women, usually close relatives of the bride and groom at weddings and a medal ceremony at the royal court. An irotomesode may have three or one kamon. Those use as a semi-formal kimono at a party and conferment. They are the most formal kimono for married women. They are often worn by the mothers of the bride and groom at weddings.
Kurotomesode usually have five kamon printed on the sleeves, chest and back of the kimono. They may also be worn by married women. The differences from homongi is the size of the pattern, seam connection, and not same clothes at inside and outside at hakke As demitoilet, not used in important occasion, but light patterned homongi is more highly rated than classic patterned tsukesage. General tsukesage is often used for parties, not ceremonies. The uchikake is often heavily brocaded and is supposed to be worn outside the actual kimono and obi , as a sort of coat.
One therefore never ties the obi around the uchikake. It is supposed to trail along the floor, this is also why it is heavily padded along the hem. The uchikake of the bridal costume is either white or very colorful often with red as the base colour. The susohiki is usually worn by geisha or by stage performers of the traditional Japanese dance. It is quite long, compared to regular kimono, because the skirt is supposed to trail along the floor.
Susohiki literally means "trail the skirt". Where a normal kimono for women is normally 1. This is also why geisha and maiko lift their kimono skirt when walking outside, also to show their beautiful underkimono or "nagajuban" see below. An important accessory was an elaborate fan , which could be tied together by a rope when folded.
These robes are one of the most expensive items of Japanese clothing. Only the Imperial Household still officially uses them at some important functions. In contrast to women's kimono, men's kimono outfits are far simpler, typically consisting of five pieces, not including footwear.
Men's kimono sleeves are attached to the body of the kimono with no more than a few inches unattached at the bottom, unlike the women's style of very deep sleeves mostly unattached from the body of the kimono. Men's sleeves are less deep than women's kimono sleeves to accommodate the obi around the waist beneath them, whereas on a woman's kimono, the long, unattached bottom of the sleeve can hang over the obi without getting in the way.
In the modern era, the principal distinctions between men's kimono are in the fabric. The typical men's kimono is a subdued, dark color; black, dark blues, greens, and browns are common. Fabrics are usually matte. Some have a subtle pattern, and textured fabrics are common in more casual kimono.
More casual kimono may be made in slightly brighter colors, such as lighter purples, greens and blues. Sumo wrestlers have occasionally been known to wear quite bright colors such as fuchsia. The most formal style of kimono is plain black silk with five kamon on the chest, shoulders and back. Slightly less formal is the three- kamon kimono.
Der Kimono – Tradition aus Japan. Der Kimono ist eines der ältesten Kleidungsstücke Japans. Vom Aussehen her erinnert ein Kimono an einen Kaftan oder Sarang, doch hinter den vielen Lagen Seide verbirgt sich eine lange Tradition. Add a pop of color for date night with a short fringed kimono, or soak up the sun in a long kimono paired with denim shorts. Kimonos even have a home in your workplace wardrobe – . Shop for and buy kimono online at Macy's. Find kimono at Macy's.