The lighter fluid in hand-held fire starters or cigarette lighters is usually liquid butane.
If the kinetics of the reaction are high enough, however, then the reaction may occur too slowly to be observed, or not even occur at all. This is the case with the conversion of diamond to lower energy graphite at atmospheric pressure, in such a reaction diamond is considered metastable and will not be observed converting into graphite.
If the products are higher in chemical energy than the reactants then the reaction will require energy to be performed and is therefore an endergonic reaction. Additionally if the product is less stable than a reactant, then Leffler's assumption holds that the transition state will more closely resemble the product than the reactant.
Ever since the mid nineteenth century chemists have been increasingly preoccupied with synthesizing chemical products. Much of synthetic chemistry is concerned with the synthesis of new chemicals as occurs in the design and creation of new drugs, as well as the discovery of new synthetic techniques.
Beginning in the early s decade though process chemistry began emerging as a distinct field of synthetic chemistry focused on scaling up chemical synthesis to industrial levels, as well as finding ways to make these processes more efficient, safer, and environmentally responsible. In biochemistry , enzymes act as biological catalysts to convert substrate to product. Some enzymes display a form of promiscuity where they convert a single substrate into multiple different products.
It occurs when the reaction occurs via a high energy transition state that can be resolved into a variety of different chemical products. Some enzymes are inhibited by the product of their reaction binds to the enzyme and reduces its activity. Coal is not a good source for carbon due to a wide number of impurities and varying grades. Brazing or Gouging rods are available from welding supply stores and are composed of graphite. Graphite is also available as a common lubricant from hardware stores.
Other forms of carbon are occasionally available through online retailers selling to element collectors , eBay , engineering suppliers and industrial suppliers. Pure or near-pure carbon can be produced at home through the reaction of Sucrose with Sulfuric Acid or the thermal decomposition of sugars.
Diamonds, although prohibitively expensive except bort or artificial diamonds , can also act as a source of Carbon , such as reducing oxides. Dry ice is available from party stores, supermarkets, refrigeration supply companies and ice cream companies. Gaseous form available in small canisters at sporting goods stores. Used in air guns and in paintball.
Soda water is simply carbonated water, a dilute solution of carbonic acid. A "Soda Club" home soda maker is a good way to make your own carbonic acid in varying strengths. Available in some health food stores as a food additive. Used in many commercial food preparations as a thickener and gelling agent.
Available at fine art supply stores for use in molding and marbling. Processed cotton fiber is almost pure cellulose making many undyed clothing articles an excellent source of cellulose.
Used as a green pigment for fine art paints. It is available as a powder from most fine art supply stores. Available at the grocery store as "Sour Salt". Also used for home soap making and also in photographic development. Pennies minted after are only copper clad. Used as a wood preservative to protect lumber from termites, ants, and other burrowing insects.
Available from garden supply or pond supply stores as an algaecide and rootkiller. Hardware store; rootkiller Zep Root Kill, Rooto Root Kill Gardening, agricultural supply; active ingredient in many algaecides, available for pest control. A pure tablet form sells under the brand name "Kem Tek".
Grocery; corn syrup, some throat lozenges are pure dextrose. Used as a solvent, degreaser and adhesive remover, it is available from hardware, automotive, and sometimes craft stores.
Available from health food and naturopathic supply stores for treating injuries. DMSO will allow anything it has dissolved to pass directly through your skin into your bloodstream. Use gloves and skin protection when working with this chemical. Also available in denatured form from hardware stores. Grocery and drug stores may carry it as ethyl rubbing alcohol.
Used to help start damp or inefficient old engines. Some engine antifreezes are primarily ethylene glycol and can be obtained at an automotive supply store. Available at most health food and natural healing stores as clove oil. Note that organically derived oil of clove will have numerous impurities from the distillation process. Synthetic oil of clove is generally pure but more difficult to find. Available in some stain removers at the hardware store.
Dextrose , corn syrup. Some throat lozenges are pure dextrose. Glycerin is an emollient used to soften skin by delaying the evaporation of water. It is available at most drug stores. Gold jewelry is generally not pure gold. Gold is generally alloyed with other metals to increase strength.
Gold coins are often. Pure gold dust and gold foils are available from fine art supply stores. In solution with water. Helium can be obtained from party stores or wherever helium balloons are available. Small disposable containers are available for long-term storage.
Note that "balloon gas" is a mixture of helium and normal air. Can be generated and captured from electrolysis of water and a wide variety of inorganic chemical reactions. Adding aluminium foil to a solution of Sodium Hydroxide will generate hydrogen gas. Highly flammable and explosive under pressure or in quantity.
Hardware store; used in swimming pool maintenance, as masonry cleaner and in silverware cleaner. Grocery; under various brand names as a rust remover. Car dealership; professional grade tire cleaning solutions are typically more concentrated.
Do not store in metal containers. Tincture of iodine, a topical antiseptic used for treating wounds, is a solution of iodine dissolved in ethyl alcohol. Available from camping stores as crystals for sterilizing water. Crystal Iodine can also be synthesized from Potassium Iodide as radiation pills, utilizing laboratory methods.
Certain laboratory methods can be considerably hazardous. Iodine is illicitly used in the production of methamphetamine, making iodine somewhat difficult to obtain.
In the United States, it is illegal to sell, purchase, transport, or possess iodine with the knowledge or intention of its use for producing methamphetamine. Small quantities, such as those used in chemistry experiments such as the Briggs—Rauscher reaction , are legal to obtain and require no permits nor record-keeping.
Steel wool , iron nails, iron bolts, nuts, screws are good sources of iron. Available in solution from Radio Shack and other electronics suppliers as an etching solution for circuit boards. Also available in solution from fine art supply stores. Can be scraped off of rusted iron objects or purchased in a purified form as the artists pigment "Red Iron Oxide" from fine art supply stores. Ferrous sulfate , Sulfate of iron , Copperas. Available from garden supply stores as a nutrient.
Also available as a mordant for pigments from stores that carry dyeing and textile supplies. Lamp oil or kerosene is sold in the paint departments of most hardware stores. Also available in larger quantities from gas stations in many parts of the country. Available as aqueous pool clarifier from certain brands. Concentration is listed as approx. Available from adult toy stores as a novelty item and from select hobby shops.
Compositions vary in the amount of ammonia and fillers they contain. They may be alloyed with tin and antimony. Also lead is used for wheel balancing weights at auto garages.
Lead sheeting may be obtained from stores that carry roofing supplies. Used as a binder in paints and as a finish for wood.
Available at hardware stores and fine art supply stores. Lithium can be obtained from Lithium batteries. Sold in solid blocks as a fire starter in many camping and outdoor stores. Also used in the construction of metal bodied pencil sharpeners made by the company "KUM" of Germany. Often sold as a powder in sporting goods stores for gymnastics, weightlifting, and climbing to help keep hands dry. Sometimes it is combined with calcium carbonate in this use. Available in tablet form as an antacid.
Some antacids are pure while others are blended with calcium carbonate. Milk of Magnesia is an antacid used to settle sour acidic stomachs. Some antacid tablets also contain magnesium hydroxide. Talcum powder comes from talc, the softest of all minerals, and is used as a dusting powder for babies.
It is available in the body care section of the drug store. Drug store; epsom salt is sold as a laxative or as an anti-inflammatory soak. Also available as a chemical for photographic development. Asian markets; Nigari, as it's called in Japan, or Lushui, as it's called in China. Used to make tofu from soy milk. Hardware store; available as the black powder in unused alkaline or carbon-zinc batteries. By extensively washing this powder in distilled water you can remove the embedded Zinc Chloride solution.
Becoming difficult to find due to fears of toxicity and environmental contamination. Old mercury switches can be found in many thermostats.
Old-style thermometers contain mercury. Fluorescent light tubes contain a small amount of mercury though it can be difficult to extract. Specialty occult stores may carry it as quicksilver. Methanol is sold as a solvent in paint supply stores under the names "wood alcohol" or "methyl alcohol". Available from automotive supply as a gasoline line anti-freeze. Available in dilute solution from hardware and boating supply stores as a catalyst for the polymerization of polyester resins.
Methylene blue Methidote antiseptic is used to treat small injured fish and is available at pet stores. Mineral oil is sold in drug stores as an emollient. Some baby oils are essentially mineral oil and fragrance. Platinum vulcanizing agent cross linking agents list. After first curing, it should be cured again as below conditions. GB standard carbon black price list.
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It can re-disperse in water, and form a film after water evaporation by coalescence of individual polymer particles.
Usually within 10 work days after order confirmed and payment received or according to order qty. Feed back email after endusers received the cargo. About product and suppliers: A wide variety of list chemical products options are available to you, such as petroleum additives, coating auxiliary agents, and water treatment chemicals.
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25 rows · List of commonly available chemicals. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This Details on the constituent chemicals of various household products can be found on the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Household Products Index. Reagent index. Chemical name Chemical . The Sumitomo Chemical Group is expanding its petrochemical business in various regions across the globe. Below are links to the websites of our companies in each region. List I chemicals. These chemicals are designated as those that are used in the manufacture of the controlled substances and are important to the manufacture of the substances. The substance or substances that the List I chemicals may be used for manufacturing is in parentheses.